Illiteracy In Pakistan Cause And Effect Essays

Illiteracy has traditionally been viewed as largely a Third World problem. It is seen as having a effect on a country's development.

Discuss some of the causes of this problem and suggest the best ways to overcome it


It is true that the illiteracy rates, in some countries, have been on the increase and been viewed as a Third World problem. This issue must be alleviated because it is global and many people are suffering.

There are many reasons for illiteracy. First of all, the high level of poverty is the main cause of the problem. Most poor families are unable to afford educational fees for their off-springs; therefore, these children skip schools and start working at early ages. For example, many young people see labor jobs simply as a means of earning money, and they are happy if they are able to cover their own living expense and support their family. Another factor is poor educational systems. Most education institutions in developing countries are not designed to cope with huge volume of students, due to poor infrastructure and a lack of staff members.

There are some measures available for educational authorities to consider when dealing with this problem. Firstly, public funds could be invested into regenerating the schools' infrastructure. Constructing new modern buildings and training more teachers would reduce some of the problem. Another solution to solve the issue is to provide free or low-cost education until tertiary levels. This will either encourage young people to go to public schools, or guarantee the efficient number of well-educated citizens.

In conclusion, poverty and poor education system are two factors contributing to illiteracy rates. To deal with this problem, investment in school infrastructure and the introduction of free education are two viable solutions.

lliteracy has traditionally been viewed as largely a Third World problem. It is seen as having a effect on a country's development.

Discuss some of the causes of this problem and suggest the best ways to overcome it


It is true that illiteracy rates in some countries, have been on the rise and been viewed as a Third World problem. This issue must be alleviated because it is global and many people are suffering.Elaborate more on why it is a Third World problem and the various forms of suffering that illiteracy causes (eg no social mobility, corruption and extortion of the illiterate poor).

There are many reasons for illiteracy. First of all, poverty is the main cause of the problem. Most poor families are unable to afford school fees for their children ; therefore, these children skip schools and start working at an early age. For example, many young people would take up manual labor jobs because it provides an income to support their families , . Another factor is poor educational systems. Most education institutions in developing countries are not designed to cope with the large/high volume of students, due to poor infrastructure and a shortage of teachers .

There are some measures available for educational authorities to consider when dealing with this problem. Firstly, public funds could be invested into regenerating the schools' infrastructure. Constructing new modern buildings and training more teachers would reduce some of the problem. Another solution to solve the issue is to provide free or low-cost education until tertiary levels. This will either encourage young people to go to public schools, or guarantee the efficient number of well-educated citizens.Here, you fall into the danger of listing ways that illiteracy can be addressed, without substantiating why those are the best ways to overcome it. Idealistically, governments would fulfill these aims, but they do not have unlimited funds to do so. Try and consider feasible solutions for governments of these Third World countries to implement, with their budgetary constraints in mind. Providing education to the rural poor requires a grassroots approach, not modern buildings. Some great resources are on the UN website, especially in relation the Millennium Development Goals.

In conclusion, poverty and the poor education system are two factors contributing to illiteracy rates. To deal with this problem, investment in school infrastructure and the introduction of free education are two viable solutions.

Dear lightjade,

First of all, thank you so much for taking your time to help me. However, there are some of your corrections that I couldn't understand, could you please explain

1. on the increase/on the rise: they are both idioms, so why can't I use 'increase' in this context?
2. educational fees: I meant any fees that are related to education, not just school fees in particular so would 'educational fees' be fine then?
3. what are the difference between 'huge volume' and 'large/high volume'? I meant I've seen both 'high volume of sales' and 'huge volume of sales' in many articles but I don't know how they are different.

Thank you so much in advance.

Meagan

Hi Meagan,

I'm not a huge stickler for grammar and vocabulary so I don't have any other justifications for the substitutes, other than the fact that it's stylistic. In my opinion, the small changes in words help with the flow of the essay, nothing really technical.

1. On the rise/on the increase: 'On the increase' is less commonly used than 'on the rise' so sometimes it can be mistaken as an error in that sentence. It easily go 'Illiteracy rates are increasingly problematic in today's world'

2. The word 'fees' are usually more narrowed down in terms of education (ie tuition fees, school fees), so it's hard to encompass all the costs of an education under a phrase like 'educational fees'. I see what you're trying to say about families not being to afford both the actual costs of schooling and the intangible/invisible costs, but it's not the best way to lump it. Educational is an adjective to describe something that educates or pertains to education, hence it's not really appropriate here.

3. The choice between 'large' and 'huge' is a matter of degree, but huge comes across as more exaggerated.

I'm pretty sure that a more professional editor would be more useful in explanation (or editing your piece for that matter) because I'm just new here! I hope it helps a little more, but don't take my word as the be-all-end-all for your essay!

Hi lightjade,

Your comments and corrections help me so much. I think I understand those phrases/words more clearly and accurately.

Thank you,

Meagan

wonderful feedback !!



OUR literacy rate is said to be 56 per cent. In fact, this figure is not reliable and also includes those who can only write their names. In spite of the rows of educational plans, policies, conferences and five-year plans, our literacy rate could not increase much.

Pakistan ranks at 113th position among 120 countries of the world. This is an international embarrassment.

The literacy rate could not increase mainly because of the illiterate woman population in the country which comprises more than half of the population.

The unequal distribution of colleges and schools occurred at the beginning when in 1947 among 10,000 primary schools only 1,700 were for girls and among 19 professional colleges only two were for women.

The GDP for education is only 2.1 per cent. Even this is not used honestly. On the other hand, 60 per cent of the budget is spent on defence.

Some people, including politicians, say there is a lack of resources in the country, but this is really not the case because our country is full of natural resources.

If the lack of resources is to be blamed, how did the Japanese get over this problem in not more than 20 to 25 years of their independence? How the Cubans, the Somalians and the Vietnamese did face these hurdles as they were in crisis at their initial years too.

The only difference is that they gave policies and implemented them while our governments only laid emphasis on giving policy documents rather than implement them. The only gap between the policies and literacy is the lack of implementation.

The other main issues include lack of proper monitoring and checks and balances, especially in public-sector education because of which many ghost schools have started to appear, and women suffered as a result of gender bias and remained confined within the four walls of their homes.

Only proper monitoring and a sound, corruption-free system can eradicate this gap between the nation and development. Apart from it, adult literacy is badly needed and the government should take action to this end.

Also, the GDP must be raised to at least five per cent because underdeveloped countries spend even more.

Lastly, the education minister must be a person from the education sector who has the deepest knowledge of the field and enough experience in solving educational problems, not a politician.

GHAZALA MURAD KHAN Gilgit, Baltistan

0 Thoughts to “Illiteracy In Pakistan Cause And Effect Essays

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrĂ  pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *