RAIN WATER HARVESTING
As you know 2/3 of the world’s land area are filled with water. In India especially Kerala is blessed with water in ancient times. But now the picture is changed.
Nearly a billion people in the world do not have access to clean drinking water. And if the govt, arid the community do not care, the number of those who would be badly in need of potable water could swell to a mind boggling 2.5 million in just 25 years. And more shockingly the majority of these people would be in India. So warned the former Prime Minister Vajpayee while opening a two day seminar on rain water harvesting in New Delhi on May 22, 2000.
Calling for people’s participation in tackling water scarcity, the prime minister said that the center and the state alone cannot be expected to tackle the problem. He emphasized the need for anion wide people’s movement would include nongovernmental organizations Panchayat Raj institutions, business and citizens to manage country’s water resources that would include rain water harvesting as one measure that stands out for its “simplicity, efficacy and affordability”.
Prime Minister’s voice must find an echo in the chords of every conscientious citizen. In water resources too we see strange paradoxes. While millions struggle to get a pitcher of potable water, there is another India when people tend to waste and contaminate it just became it is easily available. These two India’s cannot co-exist.
India receives about 4000 billion cubic meter of rain fall every year of which 1869 bcm flows off an average annual run of in the various rivers of the country due to geographical limitations, only about 890 bcm of surface water can be utilized in addition to 423 bcm of replenishment ground water, the govt, already promoting fled rain water through water shed management programme, two artificial recharge of ground water and roof top rain water on harvesting.
The Union Water Resource Ministry has written to all state govt to immediately take measures to undertake rain water harvesting in all possible locations. Rainwater harvesting has assumed overriding significance all the more in view of the plummeting round water levels during the recent drought. The govt has already taken steps, as an experiment to start the scheme in various private buildings including Rashtrapati Bhavan in Delhi. It has asked the schools to have the rain water harvesting. This would also help inculcate awareness among students about staring and economical use of water.
Tamil Nadu has already made rain water harvesting compulsory for all new buildings in the urban areas. From different parts of India there are several success stories of rain water harvesting and these should inspire state govt NGOs etc to undertake similar rain water harvesting scheme that would benefit all. In the years ahead, water is going, to be a luxury and every citizen should feel it is his and her duty to conserve every drop of water and conservation is simple, practical affordable and feasible through rain water harvesting.
Water is one of the valuable gifts given by nature and it is very important for the human survival. Today water is used for almost everything and the usage of water has increased to that it was created the uncertainty about our future. the rapidly rising population in India is causing many problems. There are very few resources of water available for the use, hence creating the necessity of saving water. Rainwater harvesting is one of the efficient ways to save water and reuse it. Many schools and colleges organize speech and essay competitions for the students. So here we are to help you. We are providing you the necessary information about Rainwater harvesting. This information will help you write a perfect essay and to prepare a better speech. This information can also be helpful for attempting the paragraph writing questions in your exams. So, let’s start.
Rainwater Harvesting is the process of collecting and storing the rainwater in natural reservoirs or tanks instead of letting it washed off and wasted. Rainwater Harvesting is the best way to reuse the rainwater rather than wasting it. This stored water can be used later for various purposes like domestic or small commercial use, for farming, for sanitation too. Rainwater harvesting has become more than a blessing for the people in areas with low rainfall. The rainwater harvesting can be done by various means and technologies, such storing the rooftop rainwater into the tanks, storing the surface water by building temporary dams, storing the water into the fields and even by the collecting fog.
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The urbanization of the villages and the rapidly rising industrialization have caused the water pollution. Although there is a huge improvisation in the overall scenario of drought situations, still there are thousands of villages which are still struggling for the water for drinking and farming. A big region in Maharashtra state is still struggling for the water availability causing a rising number of farmer suicides. Hence rainwater harvesting can be an effective solution for these problems.
Rainwater Harvesting in India
India has the regions with more than average rainfall, so rainwater harvesting can be the best way to reuse the rainwater. Tamil Nadu is the first Indian state to make rainwater harvesting mandatory. After launching the scheme in 2011, in the 5 years, Chennai the rise in water level by 50%. In Karnataka state, it is mandatory to have rainwater harvesting systems installed for the new societies and buildings. The Pune city in Maharashtra state, rainwater harvesting is compulsory for any new housing society to be registered. The people in Rajasthan are using their conventional rainwater harvesting techniques called, Chauka in Jaipur district. The new techniques are also being introduced.
Rainwater Harvesting at Homes
The journey of a thousand miles starts with one step. Likewise, to save the water we can start with our own home. We can install the rainwater harvesting systems for the homes. These systems consist of the equipment installed on the rooftops of the houses to collect the rainwater connected to the reservoirs on the ground or undergraound to store that water. This water can be used for household work like cooking, drinking, sanitation. Also, this water can be useful for water shortages in the cities. Buildings in some cities have already started using the rain harvesting systems on their premises.
Rainwater Harvesting in Villages
The government of India has started many initiatives to store the rainwater at the village level. In summer, lakes should be cleaned from the garbage dumping and mud. So that in monsoon the lakes can be filled up with rainwater which can be used later after the monsoon. In villages, temporary reservoirs are made on the small rivers and stream which can store the water in the rivers and the streams.
Rainwater Harvesting in Industries
A big amount of water is used for industrial purposes in India. Industries use water mainly for the cooling purposes, so there is no need to use fresh potable water for that. Recycled water can be used over and over again for cooling purposes which will help to conserve the fresh drinking water. Factories can operate their own rainwater harvesting system to fulfill their need of water. This will solve the problem of water shortage and also save the cost of making the water available for the industries.
Rainwater harvesting can be an effective solution for areas where the availability of water is very low by making reuse of available rainwater. This will also help to conserve the valuable fresh rainwater.
Tips for Speech on Rainwater Harvesting in India
- Speech is not about mug up the script and speak, it is about sharing gown thoughts about the given topic.
- Try being interactive while delivering the speech.
- Be expressive with the emotions and gestures.
- Try giving the speech in front of your family or friends for building up the confidence.
Tips for Essay on Rainwater Harvesting in India
- You can write an essay in the story format also.
- Write your essay in three logical sections: introduction, detailed concept, and conclusion.
- Use simple language while writing the essay.
Tips for Paragraph on Rainwater Harvesting in India
- An essay and the paragraph are similar only the length limit vary.
- Try focusing on key points while writing the paragraph.
- Explain your topic in short and give some related points in brief.
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