Stat1301 Assignment Of Mortgage

TITLE 39—POSTAL SERVICE

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 86–682, §1, Sept. 2, 1960, 74 Stat. 578, and was revised and reenacted by Pub. L. 91–375, §2, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719

III.

Modernization and Fiscal Administration

2001

V.

Transportation of Mail

5001

        

Title 39

Former Sections

Title 39

1960 Revision Sections

1–3 701
4, 5 707
6 710
7 709
8 1, 510
9 509
10, 11 2102
11a Rep.
12 2102
13 Rep.
14 2102
31 3311
31a 3311, 3314
31b 3311, 3312
31c Rep.
31d 3313
32 3312
33 Rep.
34 502
35 Rep.
36 502
37 2405
38 2209, 3315
39 3315
39a 3315, 3317
40 2406
41 Rep.
42, 43 2208
44 2404
45 2208–2210
46, 47 2209
48 Rep.
49, 49a 2403
50, 51 Rep.
52 2008, 6420
53–54a, 55 Rep.
56, 56a 711
57–57c Rep.
57d 711
58–60a, 61–68 Rep.
69, 70 704
81 Rep.
82 703
83–103a Rep.
103b 3334
104–108 Rep.
109 3555
110–112d, 113–120 Rep.
121 3555
122 Rep.
123 3556
124–127 Rep.
128 3332
129–131 Rep.
132 502
133 Rep.
133a 3336
134–136 Rep.
136a 3335
137–139a, 140 Rep.
141–145 712
151 6106
152 6001
153, 153a 6002
153b Rep.
154 3116
155, 156 6003
157 502
158 705, 6004
159–160a 705
161 705, 2011
162 6002, 6005
163 Rep.
164 2004
165 2501, 6006
166 Rep.
167 2009, 6006, 6007
168 Rep.
169, 169a 6007
170 Rep.
171 501
172 Rep.
173, 174 3115
175, 176 Rep.
191 6005
192 Rep.
192a 3339
193 Rep.
194, 195 3113
196 3114
197, 197a, 198 Rep.
199 3543
200–207a, 208–211 Rep.
212 6009
213–215 3337
216–219 3338
221 4251, 4451, 4551
221a 4251, 4451
222 4251
223 4252
224 4351
225 4058, 4365
226 4354
226a 4352, 4357
226b Rep.
227 4353
228 4366
229 4355
230 4356
231 4368; T. 18 §1733
232 4352
233 4369
234 4367; T. 18 §1734
235 4451, 4555
236–238 4451
239 4060
240 4002, 4551, 4555
240a, 240b 4552
241 Rep.
242 2001
243 4001, 4002, 4058
244 5006, 5007
245, 245a Rep.
245a–1 5006
245a–2 5010
245b Rep.
245b–1 5007
245c 5009
245d Rep.
245d–1 5007
246 to 246a–1 Rep.
246b 507
246c 5007, 5008
246c–1 5008
246d, 246e Rep.
246f 507
247 Elim.
248 4059
249 4365, 4453, 4555
250 4058, 4251
251 4058
252, 253 Rep.
254 6438
255 4003
256 4001, 4057
257 4004
258 4001, 4003
259 4005, 4057
259a 4006
259b, 259c 4007
260 Rep.
260a 507, 5012
261 4105
270 2301
270a 2302
270b 2303
270c 2304
270d 2305
270e 2306
271 4051, 4052
272 Rep.
272a 4109, 4110
273 4052, 4053
273a 4052
274 Rep.
275 2501, 2505
276 Rep.
276a 2501
276b, 276c Rep.
276d 6006
277, 278 Rep.
278a 4101, 4102, 4103, 4105
278b 4106
279 708
280 4054, 4251, 4253
281 Rep.
282 4052
283 4358, 4359, 4363, 4364
284 4361
285 4052
286 4358
287–289 Rep.
289a 2302, 4352, 4358, 4359, 4360, 4362, 4452
290 4652
290a 4052, 4452
290a–1 4052, 4451, 4452
291 Rep.
291a 4052
291b 4421, 4422
292 4553
292a 4052, 4554, 6008
293–293b Rep.
293c 4653
294, 294a Rep.
295 4052, 4364
296–299 Rep.
300 4055
301, 302 Rep.
302a 4651
303 4253, 4254, 4303
321 4152, 4153
321–1 4152
321a 5003
321b–321h Rep.
321i 2302, 4155, 4156
321j 4157
321k 4158
321l 4152, 4158, 4159
321m 4160
321n 4154
321o 2302, 4166
321p 2302, 4156, 5004
321q 2302, 4156
321r 4156, 4165, 4167
322 Rep.
323 4152
324 Rep.
325 4163
325a Elim.
326 4162
327 4161
328 Rep.
329 4164
330 4152
331 4451, 4653, 4654
332–334 Rep.
335 4165
336 4167
337 Rep.
338 4152
351 2501
352 2004
353 Rep.
354 2503, 2510
355 2004
355a 2204
356 2503, 4251
357 2503
358 2502
358a 4251
359 Rep.
360 2504
361 Rep.
362 2503
363, 364 Rep.
365 2507
366 Rep.
367 2507
368 2508
368a 2508, 2509
369 Rep.
370 2507
371 2506
381 5001
381a 5005, 5011
382, 383 Rep.
383a 2204
384 Rep.
384a 5001
385 5002
386 Rep.
387 5001, 5005
338 Rep.
388a 5010
401–405 Rep.
406 4101, 4108
407 Rep.
408 4107, 4108
409 4103
410 4102
411 4105
421, 422 Rep.
422a 6412
422b 6413
423 Rep.
423a, 423b 6427
423c 6428
424 6402, 6405
425 6402, 6417
425a 6401, 6420
426 6402, 6418, 6419
427 6419
428 6417
429 6402, 6411
430 6402
431 Rep.
432 6421
433 6402, 6437
434 6401, 6402, 6407, 6414, 6415, 6416, 6422, 6423, 6424, 6425
435 6402, 6426
436 6402, 6405
437 6413
438 Rep.
439 6439
440 6424
441 Rep.
442 6424
443 6434
444, 445 6429
446 6430
447 6431, 6436
448 6432
449 6405, 6408
450 6410
451 6402
461 Rep.
462 4301, 4302
462a 4301, 4304
463 Rep.
463a 4303
464 Rep.
465 6301
465a–465f, 466–468 Rep.
469 4301
469a–469s Rep.
470 6303
471, 472 Rep.
473, 474 6402
475 4301, 4302, 4303, 4305, 6301
476 2102
481 6101, 6105
482 6101, 6106, 6402
483 6101, 6106
484, 485 6101
486 6101, 6402
487 6101
487a 6408
488 4304, 6102
488a 4304, 6302
488b 6302
489 6440
490, 491 Rep.
492 6166
493 6402
494 902
495 4056
496 902
497 905
498 904
499 906
500 901
501 6107
502–506 Rep.
507 6433
508 Rep.
521 Rep.
522 4159
523 6203
524 Rep.
525 6203
526–528 Rep.
529 6203
530–536 Rep.
537, 538 6204
539 6203, 6207
540 6202
541 6203
541–1 Rep.
541a 6202, 6214
542, 543 6208
544–547 6209
548 Elim.
549 6208
550 Rep.
551 6209
552 Rep.
553 6209
554 Elim.
555 6210
556 6206
557 Elim.
558 6210
559 6211
560, 561 6203
562 6214
563 6207
564 6205
565 6215
566 6206
567, 568 6207
569 Rep.
570 6207, 6208
571 6215
572 Rep.
573 6203
574, 575 Rep.
576 6212
577 2102
578 6401, 6403, 6423
579 6403
601, 601a, 602, 602a, 603–607a, 608–618a, 619–623 Rep.
624 3333
625 3556
626 Rep.
627 3555
628, 629 Rep.
630 3582
631 3111
632, 632a 3333
633–637 Rep.
638 3116
639 4370
640 Rep.
651 6101, 6402
652 6101, 6402
653 6101
654 6101, 6409
655 6304, 6435
656 6106, 6406
657–666 Rep.
667 6403, 6404
668 Rep.
669 6103
670, 671 Rep.
672 706
673, 674 Rep.
691–693a, 694, 695 Rep.
696 502
697–699 Rep.
700 903
701 3555
702 Rep.
703 3556
704 3112
711 5101, 5102
712 506
713 2209, 5102, 5103
714 2209, 3316
715 2005
716 Rep.
716a 5102
717–719 Rep.
720 5102
721, 722 Rep.
723 5103, 5104
724 5102
725, 726 Rep.
727 5103
727a 2204
728 5103
728a 2202, 5103
729 5103
730, 731 Rep.
732 4005, 4057
733–738 Rep.
738a 5105
739 Rep.
751 5203, 5204, 5205
752 Rep.
753 5206
754 5210
755 5207, 5208
756 5211, 5213
756a 5223
757 5213
758 5213, 5217, 5219, 5220
759 5203, 5214, 5215, 5216, 5217, 5218, 5219, 5221
760, 761 Rep.
762 5212
763–765 Rep.
766 5201
767 5222
768 5206, 5208
769 5203
770 5209
771 5224
781 Rep.
782 1
783 1, 2209
784 1
785 708
786 2201
787, 788 Rep.
789 2408
790 2410
791 1, 2407
792, 793 Rep.
794 2207, 2208, 2401, 2402
794a 2202
794b 2211
794c 2206
794d 2302
794e Rep.
794f 509, 2101, 2102
794g Rep.
795 2212
801 Rep.
802 2006
803, 804 2004
805 508
806–808 Rep.
809 2004
809a–811 Rep.
812 3104
813–819 Rep.
820 3331
821–823a, 824–824e, 825 Rep.
826 2331
827, 828 Rep.
829 2007
829a, 829b 2203
830 6305
831–833 Rep.
834 3302
835, 836 Rep.
837 See T. 28 §2710
838 See T. 28 §2711
839 See T. 28 §2712
840 See T. 28 §2713
841 See T. 28 §2714
842 See T. 28 §2715
843 See T. 28 §2716
844 See T. 28 §2717
845 Rep.
846 See T. 28 §2718
847, 847a 504
848, 848a Rep.
848b 2202
851–856b, 857–861b, 862–862c Rep.
862d 3557
863–867a, 868–876c, 877–878b, 879–890 Rep.
901 2115
902 2104–2108, 2110
903 2103
904 2110
905 2113
906 2111
907 2111, 2112, 2114
908 2109
909 2116
951 1, 3101
952 Rep.
961 3301, 3501
962 3502
963 3333, 3511–3531, 3582
964 3335
965 Rep.
971 3333, 3542
972 3543
973 702, 3544
974 3541
975 Rep.
981 3333, 3552, 3556, 3557
982 3553
983 Rep.
984 3558
991 3551
992 3559
993 3554
994 3555
995 Rep.
1001 3333, 3541
1002 3571
1003 3573
1004 3574
1005 3575
1006 3302, 3572
1007 3101, 3333, 3581
1007a 3576
1008 2008, 3542
1009 3543
1010 3544
1021 Rep.
1031 702
1032 3105
1033–1038 Rep.
1051 6351
1052 6352
1053 6106, 6352
1054 6353
1055 6354
1056 6355
1071 2231
1072 2232
1073 2233
1074 2234
1075 2332
Title 39

1960 Revision Sections

Title 39

New Sections

1 See 102, 2001
2 See 403
301 See 201
302 See 203
303 See 207
304 See 203
305 See 204
306 See 206
307 See 204
308 Rep.
308a See 204
309 See 402
501 See 202, 401, 403, 404
502 Elim.
503 See 2002
504 See 403
505 See 407
506 See 408
507 See 404, 3622
508 See 401
509 See 404
510 See 401
701 See 403, 404
702 See 403
703, 704 Elim.
705 See 404, 406
706 Elim.
707–710 See 404
711 Rep.
712 See 406, 2601
901 601
902 602
903 603
904 604
905 605
906 606
2001–2006 See 401
2007–2009 See 404
2010 2201
2011 See 404
2101, 2102 See 401
2103 See 401, 2002
2104–2106 See 401
2107 Elim.
2108 See 401
2109 Elim.
2110–2112 See 401
2113 See 2002
2114 See 401, 410
2115 See 401, 2002
2116 See 2402
2201 See 2002, 2004, 2401
2202 See 2003
2203 See 2401
2204 See 2603
2205 Elim.
2206 See 2008
2207, 2208 See 401, 2008
2209 See 1001
2210 See 2601
2211 See 401, 2008
2212 See 2601
2231–2234 See 2003, 2010
2301 See 101
2302 See 101, 403, 3621–3623, 3641, 3661
2303 See 2009, 3401, 3403, 3621–3623, 3627, 3641, 3661
2304 See 2402, 3601, 3621–3628, 3641, 3661
2305 Elim.
2306 See 1005, 3621
2331 See 2402
2332 Rep.
2401 See 2601
2402 2602
2403, 2404 See 2601
2405, 2406 Elim.
2407 See 404
2408 2605
2409 See 2603
2410 2604
2411, 2501–2505 See 404
2506 405
2507–2510 See 404
3101 Elim.
3103 1011
3104 1009
3105 See 1001, 1006
3106 See 1003
3107 Elim.
3108 See 1001
3111 Elim.
3112 See 1010
3113, 3114 See 1001
3115 See 1008
3116, 3301–3303, 3311, 3312 See 1001
3313, 3314 Elim.
3315 See 1001
3316, 3317 Elim.
3331 See 1001
3332 Elim.
3333 See 1001, 1006
3334 See 1005
3335 See 1001
3336 Elim.
3337 See 1007
3338, 3339 Elim.
3501 See 1003
3502, 3511–3531, 3541–3544 Elim.
3551 See 1001
3552–3557 Elim.
3558 Rep.
3559, 3560 Elim.
3571 See 1001
3572–3577, 3581, 3582 Elim.
4001, 4002 See 3001
4003 3003
4004 3004
4005 3005
4006 3006
4007 3007
4008 Elim.
4009 3008
4010 3002
4051, 4052 See 404
4053, 4054 Elim.
4055 See 3681
4056 Elim.
4057 See 404, 3623
4058–4060 Elim.
4101–4103 See 404
4104 See 407
4105 See 404
4106 Elim.
4107 See 404
4108 Elim.
4109 See 404
4110 Elim.
4151 3201
4152 3202
4153 3203
4154 3204
4155 3205
4156 3206
4157 Rep.
4158 See 3207
4159 3208
4160 3209
4161 See 3210
4162 See 3211
4163 3212
4164 3213
4165 3214
4166 3215
4167 See 3216
4168 3217
4169 See 3401
4170 See 3402
4171 3218
4251 See 3623
4252 See 3682
4253, 4254, 4301, 4302 Elim.
4303 See 3401
4304 Elim.
4305 See 3682
4351–4357 Elim.
4358 See 3626, 3627
4359 See 3626, 3627
4360, 4361 Rep.
4362–4368 Elim.
4369 See 3685
4370 Elim.
4421 See 3626, 3627
4422 See 3626, 3627
4451 Elim.
4452 See 3626, 3627
4453, 4551 Elim.
4552 See 3682
4553 Elim.
4554 See 3626, 3627, 3682, 3683
4555–4559 Elim.
4560 See 3401
4651 Elim.
4652 Rep.
4653 See 3403
4654 3404
4655 3405
5001–5013, 5101–5105, 5201–5229 Elim.
6001, 6002 See 404
6003, 6004 Elim.
6005 See 101
6006–6009 Elim.
6101 See 5001
6102 Elim.
6103 See 5002
6104 See 5005
6105 5003
6106 See 5004
6107 See 101
6201 See 5201
6202 See 5202, 5210
6203 See 5007, 5203
6204 See 5203, 5204
6205 See 5204
6206 See 5205
6207 See 5206
6208 See 5207
6209 See 5208
6210 See 5209
6211 Elim.
6212 See 3662
6213 See 5210
6214 See 5211
6215 See 5212
6216 See 5213
6301 See 5401
6302, 6303 See 5402
6304 See 5403
6305, 6351–6355 Elim.
6401 See 5201
6402 See 5005, 5215
6402a See 5214
6403 See 5005
6404 5601
6405 See 5605
6406 5602
6407 See 5005
6408 See 5605
6409 Elim.
6410 5603
6411, 6412 See 5005
6413 See 5005, 5605
6414, 6415 Elim.
6416 See 5005
6417–6421 Elim.
6422, 6423 See 5005
6424–6431 Elim.
6432 5006
6433 See 5007
6434 Elim.
6435 5604
6436–6440 Elim.
Title 39

New Sections

Title 39

Former Sections

101 2301, 2302, 6005, 6107
102 1
201 301
202 501
203 302, 304
204 305, 307, 308a
205  
206 306
207 303
208  
401 501, 508, 510, 2001–2006, 2101–2106, 2108, 2110–2112, 2114, 2115, 2207, 2208, 2211
402 309
403 2, 501, 504, 701, 702, 2302
404 501, 507, 509, 701, 705, 707–710, 2007–2009, 2011, 2407, 2411, 2501–2505, 2507–2510, 4051, 4052, 4057, 4101–4103, 4105, 4107, 4109, 6001, 6002
405 2506
406 705, 712
407 505, 4104
408 506
409  
410 2114
411, 412  
601 901
602 902
603 903
604 904
605 905
606 906
1001 2209, 3105, 3108, 3113, 3114, 3116, 3301–3303, 3311, 3312, 3315, 3331, 3333, 3335, 3551, 3571
1002  
1003 3106, 3501
1004  
1005 2306, 3334
1006 3105, 3333
1007 3337
1008 3115
1009 3104
1010 3112
1011 3103
1201–1209  
2001 1
2002 503, 2103, 2113, 2115, 2201
2003 2202, 2231–2234
2004 2201
2005–2007  
2008 2206–2208, 2211
2009 2303
2010 2231–2234
2201 2010
2401 2201, 2203
2402 2116, 2304, 2331
2601 712, 2210, 2212, 2401, 2403, 2404
2602 2402
2603 2204, 2409
2604 2410
2605 2408
3001 4001, 4002
3002 4010
3003 4003
3004 4004
3005 4005
3006 4006
3007 4007
3008 4009
3009–3011  
3201 4151
3202 4152
3203 4153
3204 4154
3205 4155
3206 4156
3207 4158
3208 4159
3209 4160
3210 4161
3211 4162
3212 4163
3213 4164
3214 4165
3215 4166
3216 4167
3217 4168
3218 4171
3401 2303, 4169, 4303, 4560
3402 4170
3403 2303, 4653
3404 4654
3405 4655
3601 2304
3602–3604  
3621 2302–2304, 2306
3622 507, 2302–2304
3623 2302–2304, 4057, 4251
3624 2304
3625 2304
3626 2304, 4358, 4359, 4421, 4422, 4452, 4554
3627 2303, 2304, 4358, 4359, 4421, 4422, 4452, 4554
3628 2304
3641 2302–2304
3661 2302–2304
3662 6212
3681 4055
3682 4252, 4305, 4552, 4554
3683 4554
3684  
3685 4369
5001 6101
5002 6103
5003 6105
5004 6106
5005 6104, 6402, 6403, 6407, 6411–6413, 6416, 6422, 6423
5006 6432
5007 6203, 6433
5201 6201, 6401
5202 6202
5203 6203, 6204
5204 6204, 6205
5205 6206
5206 6207
5207 6208
5208 6209
5209 6210
5210 6202, 6213
5211 6214
5212 6215
5213 6216
5214 6402a
5215 6402
5401 6301
5402 6302, 6303
5403 6304
5601 6404
5602 6406
5603 6410
5604 6435
5605 6405, 6408, 6413

Positive Law

This title was enacted into law by Pub. L. 91–375, §2, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719, which provided that: “Title 39, United States Code, is revised and reenacted, and the sections thereof may be cited as 39 U.S.C. §__”.

Effective Dates

Pub. L. 91–375, §15, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 787, provided that:

“(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this section and sections 9 through 13 of this Act [set out as notes below and under sections 1001, 1003, 1201, and 2004 of this title], and sections 202, 203, 205(b) and (c), 206, and 401(2), and subchapter I of chapter 36 of title 39, United States Code [sections 3601 to 3604 of this title], as enacted by section 2 of this Act, shall become effective on the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 12, 1970]. Except as otherwise provided in this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] the other provisions of this Act shall become effective within 1 year after the enactment of this Act [Aug. 12, 1970] on the date or dates established therefor by the Board of Governors and published by it in the Federal Register. References to the Postal Service in any provision of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] (other than a provision referred to in the first sentence of this subsection) which becomes effective before the Postal Service commences operations shall be held and considered to refer to the Post Office Department until the Postal Service commences operations.

“(b) Sections 3010 and 3011 of title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act, and sections 1735, 1736, and 1737 of title 18, United States Code, as enacted by section 6(j) of this Act, shall become effective on the first day of the sixth month which begins after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 12, 1970].”

The provisions of Title 39, as revised by Pub. L. 91–375, §2, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719, are effective on the following dates:

Effective Aug. 12, 1970, pursuant to section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375:

Sections 202, 203, 205(b), (c), 206, 401(2), and 3601 to 3604.

Effective Feb. 1, 1971, pursuant to section 15(b) of Pub. L. 91–375:

Sections 3010 and 3011.

Effective Jan. 16, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–5 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Sections 207 and 402.

Effective Jan. 20, 1971, pursuant to Resolution Nos. 71–7, 71–8 and 71–10 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Sections 101, 204, 403, 404(2), 410(b)(1), (c)(4), 1003, 2004, 2401(b)(c), 3621 to 3628, 3641 and 3681 to 3685.

Effective Mar. 1, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–13 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Sections 1001 and 1002.

Effective Apr. 13, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–14 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Section 410(a), (b)(2) to (6), (c)(1) to (3), (5), (6).

Effective July 1, 1971, all other provisions of Title 39, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–9 of the Board of Governors, which provided in part: “The Board of Governors establishes July 1, 1971, as the date upon which the Postal Service shall commence operations. All provisions of the Act [Pub. L. 91–375] not made effective on an earlier date shall become effective upon the commencement of operations.”

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 91–375, §5, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 774, provided that:

“(a) All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, contracts, certificates, licenses, and privileges—

“(1) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective—

“(A) under any provision of law amended by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title]; or

“(B) in the exercise of duties, powers, or functions which are transferred under this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title];

by (i) any department or agency, any functions of which are transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title], or (ii) any court of competent jurisdiction; and

“(2) which are in effect at the time the United States Postal Service commences operations, shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or repealed by the Postal Service (in the exercise of any authority vested in it by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title]), by any court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

“(b) The provisions of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall not affect any proceedings pending at the time this section takes effect before any department or agency (or component thereof), the functions of which are transferred by this Act but such proceedings shall be continued before the Postal Service. Orders shall be issued in such proceedings, appeals shall be taken therefrom, and payments shall be made pursuant to such orders, as if this Act had not been enacted; and orders issued in any such proceedings shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or repealed by the Postal Service (in the exercise of any authority vested in it by this Act), by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

“(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection—

“(A) the provisions of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall not affect suits commenced prior to the date this section takes effect; and

“(B) in all such suits proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered, in the same manner and effect as if this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] had not been enacted.

No suit, action, or other proceeding commenced by or against any officer in his official capacity as an officer of any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall abate by reason of the enactment of this Act. No cause of action by or against any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this Act, or by or against any officer thereof in his official capacity shall abate by reason of the enactment of this Act. Causes of actions, suits, actions, or other proceedings may be asserted by or against the Postal Service or such official of that Service as may be appropriate and, in any litigation pending when this section takes effect, the court may at any time, on its own motion or that of any party, enter an order which will give effect to the provisions of this subsection.

“(2) If before the date on which any provision of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] takes effect, any department or agency, or officer thereof in his official capacity, is a party to a suit, and under this Act–

“(A) such department or agency is transferred to the Postal Service; or

“(B) any function of such department, agency, or officer is transferred to the Postal Service;

such suit shall be continued by the Postal Service.

“(d) The amendment of any statute by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall not release or extinguish any criminal prosecution, penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under such statute, unless the amending Act shall so expressly provide, and such statute shall be treated as still remaining in force for the purpose of sustaining any proper action or prosecution for the enforcement of such prosecution, penalty, forfeiture, or liability.

“(e) With respect to any function, power, or duty transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] and exercised after the effective date of this Act, reference in any other Federal law to any department or agency, officer, or office so transferred, or functions of which are so transferred, shall be deemed to mean the officer or agency of the Postal Service in which this Act vests such function after such transfer.

“(f) Provisions of title 39, United States Code, in effect immediately prior to the effective date of this section, but not reenacted by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title], shall remain in force as rules or regulations of the Postal Service established by this Act, to the extent the Postal Service is authorized to adopt such provisions as rules or regulations, until they are revoked, amended, or revised by the Postal Service.

“(g) Notwithstanding section 202 of title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act, Governors of the Board of Governors of the Postal Service may be paid $300 a day for not more than 60 days of meetings in each of the first 2 years following the effective date of such section 202 [see section 15(b) of Pub. L. 91–375 set out as an Effective Date note above].”

Provisions of section 5 of Pub. L. 91–375 effective within 1 year after Aug. 12, 1970, on date established therefor by the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service and published by it in the Federal Register, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as an Effective Date note above.

Corresponding References

Pub. L. 91–375, §6(o)–(q), Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 783, provided that:

“(o) Whenever any reference is made in any provision of law (other than this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] or a provision of law amended by this Act), regulation, rule, record, or document to the Post Office Department, the Postal Service, the postal field service, the field postal service, or the departmental service or departmental headquarters of the Post Office Department, such reference shall be considered a reference to the United States Postal Service. Any reference to any officer or employee of the Post Office Department, the Postal Service, the postal field service, the field postal service, or the departmental service or departmental headquarters of the Post Office Department shall be deemed a reference to the appropriate officer or employee of the United States Postal Service.

“(p) Whenever reference is made in any provision of law (other than this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] or provision of law amended by this Act), regulation, rule, record, or document to a postal inspector or chief postal inspector of the Post Office Department, such reference shall be deemed to be a reference to the appropriate officer or employee of the United States Postal Service who performs duties related to the inspection of postal matters.

“(q) Whenever reference is made in any law to title 39, United States Code, or provision of that title, as such title or provision existed prior to the effective date of this section [see Effective Date note set out above], that reference shall be considered a reference to the appropriate provision of title 39, as amended by section 2 of this Act, unless no such provision is included therein.”

Provisions of section 6(o) to (q) of Pub. L. 91–375 effective within 1 year after Aug. 12, 1970, on date established therefor by the Board of Governors and published by it in the Federal Register, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as an Effective Date note above.

Separability; Legislative Construction

Pub. L. 91–375, §11, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 785, provided that:

“(a) If a part of title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act, is held invalid, the remainder of such title shall not be affected thereby; and if any other part of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] is held to be invalid, the remainder of the Act shall not be affected thereby.

“(b) An inference of a legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of a chapter in title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act in which a section is placed nor by reason of the caption or catchline.”

Provisions of section 11 of Pub. L. 91–375 effective Aug. 12, 1970, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as an Effective Date note above.

PART I—GENERAL

1.

Postal Policy and Definitions

101

5.

Postal Regulatory Commission

501

6.

Private Carriage of Letters

601

        

Amendments

2006—Pub. L. 109–435, title VI, §601(c), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3239, added item for chapter 5.

CHAPTER 1—POSTAL POLICY AND DEFINITIONS

        

§101. Postal policy

(a) The United States Postal Service shall be operated as a basic and fundamental service provided to the people by the Government of the United States, authorized by the Constitution, created by Act of Congress, and supported by the people. The Postal Service shall have as its basic function the obligation to provide postal services to bind the Nation together through the personal, educational, literary, and business correspondence of the people. It shall provide prompt, reliable, and efficient services to patrons in all areas and shall render postal services to all communities. The costs of establishing and maintaining the Postal Service shall not be apportioned to impair the overall value of such service to the people.

(b) The Postal Service shall provide a maximum degree of effective and regular postal services to rural areas, communities, and small towns where post offices are not self-sustaining. No small post office shall be closed solely for operating at a deficit, it being the specific intent of the Congress that effective postal services be insured to residents of both urban and rural communities.

(c) As an employer, the Postal Service shall achieve and maintain compensation for its officers and employees comparable to the rates and types of compensation paid in the private sector of the economy of the United States. It shall place particular emphasis upon opportunities for career advancements of all officers and employees and the achievement of worthwhile and satisfying careers in the service of the United States.

(d) Postal rates shall be established to apportion the costs of all postal operations to all users of the mail on a fair and equitable basis.

(e) In determining all policies for postal services, the Postal Service shall give the highest consideration to the requirement for the most expeditious collection, transportation, and delivery of important letter mail.

(f) In selecting modes of transportation, the Postal Service shall give highest consideration to the prompt and economical delivery of all mail. Modern methods of transporting mail by containerization and programs designed to achieve overnight transportation to the destination of important letter mail to all parts of the Nation shall be a primary goal of postal operations.

(g) In planning and building new postal facilities, the Postal Service shall emphasize the need for facilities and equipment designed to create desirable working conditions for its officers and employees, a maximum degree of convenience for efficient postal services, proper access to existing and future air and surface transportation facilities, and control of costs to the Postal Service.

(Pub. L. 91–375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719; Pub. L. 110–405, §2(b)(9), Oct. 13, 2008, 122 Stat. 4289.)

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 110–405 substituted “mail.” for “mail and shall make a fair and equitable distribution of mail business to carriers providing similar modes of transportation services to the Postal Service.”

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–405, §2(c), Oct. 13, 2008, 122 Stat. 4290, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section, sections 3401 and 5402 of this title, and sections 41901 to 41904 and 41910 of Title 49, Transportation, renumbering former sections 41906, 41909, 41910, and 41912 of Title 49 as sections 41905, 41906, 41907, and 41908 of Title 49, respectively, and repealing former sections 41905, 41907, 41908, and 41911 of Title 49] shall take effect on October 1, 2008.”

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 20, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–10 of the Board of Governors. See section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as a note preceding this section.

Short Title of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–155, §1, Apr. 7, 2010, 124 Stat. 1112, provided that: “This Act [amending section 3001 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Prevent Deceptive Census Look Alike Mailings Act’.”

Short Title of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–405, §1, Oct. 13, 2008, 122 Stat. 4287, provided that: “This Act [amending this section, sections 3401 and 5402 of this title, and sections 41901 to 41904 and 41910 of Title 49, Transportation, renumbering former sections 41906, 41909, 41910, and 41912 of Title 49 as sections 41905, 41906, 41907, and 41908 of Title 49, respectively, repealing former sections 41905, 41907, 41908, and 41911 of Title 49, and enacting provisions set out as a note under this section] may be cited as the ‘Air Carriage of International Mail Act’.”

Short Title of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–435, §1(a), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3198, provided that: “This Act [see Tables for classification] may be cited as the ‘Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act’.”

Short Title of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–447, div. J, title III, §301(a), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3350, provided that: “This title [amending section 5402 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Rural Air Service Improvement Act of 2004’.”

Short Title of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–86, §1, Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1052, provided that: “This Act [amending section 1004 of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 1004 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Postmasters Equity Act of 2003’.”

Short Title of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–206, title III, §3002(a), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 910, provided that: “This title [amending section 5402 of this title, section 2703 of Title 19, Customs Duties, section 1626 of Title 43, Public Lands, and section 41901 of Title 49, Transportation, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 5402 of this title, section 112 of Title 1, General Provisions, and sections 2703 and 3203 of Title 19] may be cited as the ‘Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002’.”

Short Title of 2001 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–67, title VI, §650(a), Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 556, provided that: “This section [amending section 414 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 414 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Breast Cancer Research Stamp Act of 2001’.”

Short Title of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–253, §1, July 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 634, provided that: “This Act [enacting section 416 of this title, amending section 414 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 414 and 416 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Semipostal Authorization Act’.”

Short Title of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–241, §1, Sept. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 1572, provided that: “This Act [enacting section 415 of this title and amending sections 404 and 3622 of this title, section 7902 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and sections 652 and 668 of Title 29, Labor] may be cited as the ‘Postal Employees Safety Enhancement Act’.”

Short Title of 1997 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–41, §1, Aug. 13, 1997, 111 Stat. 1119, provided that: “This Act [enacting section 414 of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 414 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Stamp Out Breast Cancer Act’.”

Short Title of 1993 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–123, title VII, §701(a), Oct. 28, 1993, 107 Stat. 1267, provided that: “This title [enacting section 3642 of this title, amending sections 410, 2401, 3202, 3601, 3625 to 3627, and 3683 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 2401, 3621, 3626, and 3683 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Revenue Forgone Reform Act’.”

Short Title of 1976 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–421, §1, Sept. 24, 1976, 90 Stat. 1303, provided: “That this Act [amending sections 404, 2003, 2401, 3601, 3604, 3622, 3623, 3624, 3626, 3641, and 3683 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 404, 3601, 3624, 3641, and 3661 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Postal Reorganization Act Amendments of 1976’.”

Short Title

Pub. L. 91–375, §1, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719, provided: “That this Act [revising this title, enacting sections 1735 to 1737 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, amending section 356 of Title 2, The Congress, section 19 of Title 3, The President, sections 101, 104, 2104, 2105, 3104, 3304a, 4301, 5102, 5303, 5304, 5312, 5314 to 5316, 5541, 6301, 6323, 7101, and 8344 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, sections 24 seventh par., 1701d–3, and 1701e of Title 12, Banks and Banking, section 637 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, section 460l–1 of Title 16, Conservation, section 8 of former Title 17, Copyrights, sections 12, 440, 441, 500, 501, 612, 876, 877, 1114, 1303, 1341, 1342, 1463, 1696, 1699, 1703, 1704, 1707, 1709 to 1713, 1715, 1716, 1716A, 1717, 1718, 1721 to 1725, 1729, 1730, 1733, and 3061 of Title 18, section 611 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, sections 72 fifth par., 129, and 724a of former Title 31, Money and Finance, sections 356, 474, 615, 723, and 724 of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and section 2942 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, repealing section 3327 of Title 5 and section 1028 of former Title 31, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 201, 601, 1001, 1003, 1201, 2002, 2004, 3010, and 3621 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Postal Reorganization Act’.”

§102. Definitions

As used in this title—

(1) “Postal Service” means the United States Postal Service established by section 201 of this title;

(2) “Board of Governors”, and “Board”, unless the context otherwise requires, mean the Board of Governors established under section 202 of this title;

(3) “Governors” means the 9 members of the Board of Governors appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, under section 202(a) of this title;

(4) “Inspector General” means the Inspector General appointed under section 202(e) of this title;

(5) “postal service” refers to the delivery of letters, printed matter, or mailable packages, including acceptance, collection, sorting, transportation, or other functions ancillary thereto;

(6) “product” means a postal service with a distinct cost or market characteristic for which a rate or rates are, or may reasonably be, applied;

(7) “rates”, as used with respect to products, includes fees for postal services;

(8) “market-dominant product” or “product in the market-dominant category of mail” means a product subject to subchapter I of chapter 36;

(9) “competitive product” or “product in the competitive category of mail” means a product subject to subchapter II of chapter 36; and

(10) “year”, as used in chapter 36 (other than subchapters I and VI thereof), means a fiscal year.

(Pub. L. 91–375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 720; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(f) [title VI, §662(a)(2)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–314, 3009–379; Pub. L. 109–435, title I, §101, Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3199.)

Amendments

2006—Pars. (5) to (10). Pub. L. 109–435 added pars. (5) to (10).

1996—Par. (4). Pub. L. 104–208 added par. (4).

Effective Date

Section effective July 1, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–9 of the Board of Governors. See section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as a note preceding section 101 of this title.

CHAPTER 2—ORGANIZATION

Sec.

201.

United States Postal Service.

203.

Postmaster General; Deputy Postmaster General.

204.

General Counsel; Judicial Officer; Chief Postal Inspector.

205.

Procedures of the Board of Governors.

208.

Reservation of powers.

        

Sec.

Mortgage Assignment - How Real Estate Investors Profit

Mortgage assignment is a common practice among lenders. A mortgage deed, also called a deed of trust or trustee's deed or deed of trustee, gives a lender a security interest in the property mortgaged in return for money received. Lenders and mortgagors of deeds of trust often sell mortgages to third parties, like other lenders. If a trustee is assigning beneficial interest under a deed of trust, it should be recorded in writing. Mortgage assignment is a document that indicates that such an assignment of contract has happened. Once an assignment is recorded, a new lender stands in the shoes of the original lender.

Although a lender is not required to inform a borrower prior to mortgage assignment, s/he must send a notification after a mortgage sale has taken place informing the borrower how to make mortgage payments in the future. The borrower can negotiate mortgage terms with the new lender and seek mortgage modification.

A mortgage deed refers to a deed accompanied by a mortgaged loan note. Every mortgage deed involves two steps: a promissory note and a mortgage. A note has details like amount owed, term of loan, etc. and is proof of existence of a mortgage. The mortgage is the means through which a borrower pledges or mortgages property as security for money received. The note and mortgage are two sides of the same coin and are inseparable. A mortgage follows the note and thus assignment of mortgage note results in assignment of a mortgage. In other words, a mortgage cannot be assigned without transferring the note. Therefore, assignment of note and mortgage happen simultaneously.

Mortgage assignments are beneficial to both home sellers as well as buyers. For home sellers it can be an easy way to sell a home that has been on the market a long time. The benefit for home buyers is that they can buy a house without going through the process of qualifying for a bank loan and making a large down payment. There are many real estate companies offering attractive assignment programs that benefit sellers and buyers alike. Using the benefits of such a home mortgage assignment program will help you sell your home quickly or buy a home without dealing with bank formalities.

Once a mortgage has been transferred, it means that obligation of loan has transferred. In order to validly assign a mortgage, a mortgage assignment document should have the following details:

  • description of the real estate so that there is clarity about the property

  • the name of the original party as well as the third party

  • contact information

  • the date when the mortgage assignment became valid


Assignment of mortgage should be recorded before the government authority that deals with property ownership, property taxes, etc. If you are a borrower and you receive a notice that your mortgage has been transferred to another lender, you should get in touch with your lender and confirm it. You should also secure details of the person to whom the mortgage was sold to.

If you are a new lender and do not have a valid mortgage assignment document, you will be disadvantaged if you have to move for foreclosure. In the event mortgage payments stop, you may want to move the local court for foreclosure and take ownership of the property mortgaged. If there was no legal document created when you assign a mortgage, you will have no right to file for foreclosure. Therefore, it is important to document when you assign a mortgage. Click here to view our sample mortgage assignment form, also referred to as an assignment of mortgage form or mortgage assignment letter.

One drawback of mortgage assignment is that it all depends on a third party. For many, getting mortgages assigned is a kind of real estate investing practice. The third party to whom the mortgage is assigned to is a real estate investor who reaps the benefits of one of the party's desperateness. The investor third party is only concerned about reaping mortgage assignment profit from the mortgage assignment investing deal s/he has entered into and has no regard for the financial well being of the parties involved.

Mortgage Assignment FAQs

What is mortgage assignment?

Mortgage assignment, also called assignment of trustee's deed or assignment of deed of trustee, is the process of selling an existing mortgage to a third party. The borrower gets notice to make mortgage payments after the date of assignment of the mortgage deed to the new mortgagee. A mortgage assignment form satisfies lawful conveyance of the mortgage. An assignment of mortgage form also signifies that an assignment of contract has occurred and mortgage has been transferred.

Who can assign a mortgage?

A mortgage holder or a borrower can assign the mortgage to a third party. A lender can also assign a mortgage to another lender. In some cases, a homeowner can engage in assignment of mortgage, but the lender must give permission.

What are my benefits if I engage in HUD mortgage assignment program?

Homeowners can avoid foreclosure and can refinance their mortgage with the help of a mortgage assignment program offered by the U.S. Department of Housing & Urban development (HUD). In a real estate investing business, mortgage assignment program helps a real estate investor to sell his/her home really quickly.

What are the drawbacks of mortgage assignments?

There are a few drawbacks to assignment of a mortgage that you should be aware of. In case the buyer defaults on payments, you might have trouble collecting. Another disadvantage is that mortgage assignment depends on a third party-the new buyer, who is only concerned about getting mortgage assignment profit from a mortgage assignment deal.

Can you explain the process of mortgage assignment?

It is always advisable to utilize the services of a professional realtor or investor in the mortgage assignment investing business. Once you assign such a firm the task of mortgage assignment by signing a sales contract, they will do all the paperwork necessary for a mortgage assignment program. You will be required to submit additional documents related to the mortgage in order to assign the mortgage. The mortgage will then be advertised. Once a buyer is located, your realtor will require you to sign remaining paperwork and will prepare closing documents.

Documents required for a mortgage assignment are:

  • loan details including loan number, loan type and terms of loan

  • an authorization to discharge Loan Information

  • purchase contract and addendum to contract identifying conditions of mortgage assignment

  • seller's disclosure document

  • mortgage assignment letter

  • document assigning insurance contract

  • an acknowledgement document by seller

  • mortgage modifications, if any

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